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Marigold - Calendula officinalis


(Latin name - Calendula officinalis)

General News


Other names: marigold garden, paznogietka, paznogietek, claws, miesięcznica, stulik.

One-year medicinal plant and ornamental cultivated in Asia, North America and Europe, including Poland. Marigold reaches a height of 50 cm, branched stems appear. At the top of branching stems are single flowers in a basket. Marigold blooms from June to September. The flowers have color from light yellow to dark orange. For medicinal purposes to fit a variety of baskets so. complete, intensely orange-colored. For pharmaceutical purposes is collected flowers gradually wyskubuje flakes, spread a thin layer and dried in the shade and przewiewie. Obtained marigold flowers - Flos Calendulae. Sometimes collects the whole baskets Marigold - Anthodium Calendulae, which is dried in the dryer. Flowers have a peculiar, faint smell of balsamic and slightly tart flavor. Flakes of dyes contain flavonoids and carotenoids, kalendulinę, likopinę. wiolaksantynę, rubiksantynę, traces of volatile oil, saponins, triterpenes, resin compounds, alcohols, triterpenes, mucilage, bitter compounds, organic acids, resin compounds.

Raw material

Marigold blooms from June until autumn. For the manufacture of drugs are all flowers - baskets or cropped whole cereal flakes such as reed basket of varieties of orange. In dry weather wyskubujemy single petals. Heat it should be spreading a thin layer in shady places to avoid losing the natural orange color. When dried in the drying temperature should not be higher than 30-35 ° C. Dried flowers should be kept tightly closed and protected from light.


Medicinal Properties

Marigold flowers stimulate secretory functions - increases the amount of gastric mucus, increase the amount of bile and facilitate its flow into the duodenum. May be recommended in nieżytach niedokwaśnych the stomach and intestines nieżytach and peptic ulcer in the stomach and duodenum. The active compounds contained in nagietku abolish contractile states in the gastrointestinal tract and may be used in cases of pain after surgery of the stomach and biliary tract. In addition, calendula has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, diaphoretic and diuretic. Inactivates the toxin resulting in the development of cancer in the body. Abolishes dyspeptic symptoms in patients with gastrointestinal cancer. These compounds enhance the body's own resistance, accelerate wound healing, therefore, calendula may be recommended in case of non-healing wounds, sores, burns, both thermal and solar radiation as well. Marigold destroys streptococcus and staphylococcus, and good results can be used to treat inflammation pharynx, larynx, mouth and eye conjunctivitis. The active compounds of marigold flowers effectively destroy Trichomonas, and therefore it can be used in the treatment of genital infections. It is effective in the treatment of erosion and cracks in the lining of the vagina. In addition, calendula has a mild sedative, lowers blood pressure, slows heart rate, increases the amplitude of contractions of the heart. The therapeutic effect are also listed, which are used as whole or rozdrobienione to treat wounds, abscesses, ulcers and edema.




Infusion of marigold flowers for internal use

Petals of this flower is most often used in combination with chamomile, krwawnikiem, Arnica, St John's, the sage of the stomach and intestinal ulcers, inflammation and digestive tonic, painful menstruation, disturbances in the secretion of bile. stimulates the endocrine glands of the action. One tablespoon of marigold flowers or dried crushed herb with flowers, calendula Pour 1 1 / 2 cup boiling water and leave it covered by steaming for 30 min.Let stand for 10 min. and strain. Drink 3 x plot after a glass of 1 hr. before the meal.


Infusion for topical use

Externally applied infusion for washing, irrigation and rinses in inflammation of the mouth, throat, and vaginal wash and compresses the lower limbs varicose ulcers, inflammation, and wykwitach skin, burns, and conjunctivitis.For hard to heal wounds, skin eruptions, apply calendula flower decoction as wraps, compresses, poultices (applying a). The action of this infusion can be strengthened before you brew spoon dosypując chamomile and yarrow.Infusion - three tablespoons of dried calendula petals poured a bucket of water incomplete, boiled 15 min. and allowed to stand for the strain. Cooled pulp is placed directly on the wound at ceratkę.


Tincture for internal use

50 g of flowers or herbs with flowers macerate for 14 days in 500 ml alcohol 40% and periodically shaken. Then strain, squeeze the greens and pour the liquid into small dark bottles. It is recommended that from 1930 to 1950 oral drops sometimes to 1 teaspoon in a glass of water, 2-3 x plot for 1 hour.before the meal.


Tincture for external use

Externally, use 1 tablespoon to 1 cup water to compress for hard to heal wounds, flush cuts. It can be used to gargle in tonsillitis and pharyngitis.Calendula is known effectiveness in fighting infection, staphylococcal and streptococcal. In addition, the tincture is used to remove liszajów, freckles and moles, blood extravasations, insect bites, bed sores, tumors, growths, strained muscles.


Extract oil for external use

Applied externally to the skin and mucous membranes as an anti-inflammatory and healing wounds, thermal burns and the degree and sunny.1-2 handfuls of freshly picked flowers pour olive oil in a small bowl, so that they are covered, put on a pair of 1-2 hours. Set aside for a period of 2-3 days, until the petals become brittle and oil will be yellow-orange. Strain and squeeze out the flowers. Pour into small bottles and refrigerate.


Vinegar for external use

Use spreads warts, swelling of the skin, used against itching, acne, skin inflammations and bruises. Fresh flowering herb finely. Per 100 g of the herb, add 25 ml alcohol and 135 ml of 10% vinegar (preferably apple). Mix thoroughly and leave for 10 days, shaking frequently. Strain and apply for external use.


Herbs enhance resistance

Mix 50 grams of marigold and dandelion root, and after 25g herb mistletoe, skyscraper herb, horsetail herb, herb pięciornika goose, white flowers and roots jasnoty nettle. Pour 1 tablespoon of herbs in a thermos of boiling water 2 cups. Close and let stand for 1 hour. Drink 3 x dz 1 cup between meals as a tonic, strengthening and regulating the immune function of internal organs.

Marigold - Calendula officinalis

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