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Dandelion - Taraxacum officinale Wiggers


(Latin name - Taraxacum officinale Wiggers)


General News

It is a perennial plant originating from Europe. In Poland, is a common weed growing in the meadows, fallow fields, road shoulders, lawns. Creates a vertical, cylindrical, fleshy root, from which the leaves grow in spring and a few shoots kwiatonośnych. The leaves are elongated lanceolate, green and shiny. The stems are stems to a length of 25 cm, hollow, and completed the flower baskets. The baskets are yellow flowers. They bloom from April to July, later again. The whole plant is bitter and searing juice, white color. The name, dandelion "comes from the fact that after zdmuchnięciu owocków the remains down the bald head surrounded by leaves, resembling the head monk. Preparations of the plant and remove toxins accumulated bile in the liver. In France, dandelion leaves are popular as ingredients in vegetable salads.

Raw material

For medicinal purposes is collected in autumn the roots of older plants. They are dug from the ground, removes part of the ground and dried in natural conditions or a heated dryer. When the plant in the spring will produce a rosette of leaves and stems evolve, with flower baskets in stock buds, cut down all of the ground and dried in the shade and przewiewie. The flowering period shall also meet all the blooming flower baskets. Medical stock so they are roots, leaves and flowers.


The active compounds in plants

The juice is located in all parts of the plant is an emulsion containing a bitter substance called - taraksacyna. Accompanied by protein, gum, inositol, trójperteny, tarakserol, taraksasterol, choline, laktucerol and rubber. The roots were discovered inulin, fructose, organic acids, trójperteny, tannins, flobafeny and essential oil. The leaves and flowers are xanthophylls pigments, flavonoids, and minerals like potassium, sulfur, magnesium and silicon. Vitamins are also present, including significant amounts of wit. C. Roots and dandelion leaves contain substances having a stimulant, similar to those that are in the leaves of aloe.



Nuns and its products have stimulating effect on the production of bile by the liver and to facilitate its passage through the bile duct into the duodenum. An increase in contractility seeing off the bile duct bile from the liver and especially the gall bladder, which prevents the stagnation of bile. The active compounds nun have a favorable influence on the function of pancreatic secretion and thus normalize the digestive process. The second direction is a diuretic, by increasing renal filtration in balls. It is also important function of the binding of toxins and metabolites water-soluble. So it is a detoxifying and purifying effect. In addition, the nuns causes the muscle if they are in a state of contraction, the importance of improving the flow of bile and urine. Works also slightly przeciwcukrzycowo, stimulates the secretion of gastric juice and has a beneficial effect of stimulating the immune system. Has a stimulative effect on phagocytic functions of macrophages, stimulates production of interferon action - a substance with antiviral properties. External extracts of dandelion and fresh juice have regenerating the skin, scarring and accelerate the disappearance of skin lesions.


Adverse reactions

Preparations with a nun used in recommended doses do not cause harm.




The internal use:

Preparations with a nun used in the following medical conditions:

  • in liver damage
  • in reduced production of bile
  • in states recovering from viral hepatitis after treatment of the biliary
  • the stagnation of bile in the gallbladder
  • the risk of cholelithiasis and its origins
  • in diseases with impaired renal clusters and a reduction in urine output
  • the edema caused by cardiac and renal failure in the alternative, rheumatism, gout (podagrze)
  • in obesity
  • in diseases of the skin, especially in adolescents
  • in pre-diabetic states in combination with other herbs, and in early diabetes
  • deficiency in the secretion of gastric juice
  • in the weakening of the organism in the elderly and convalescents
  • in increased susceptibility to infectious diseases

In external use:

  • bathing beauty
  • compresses the warts, warts, warts with fresh juice milk
  • Flowers with a nun have the same ownership as root and greens, but they are worth recommending, especially in chronic rhinitis mouth, throat and bronchi.



Decoction of the root

Two tablespoons of ground root Pour 2 cups hot water and allow to swell for 1 hour. Then slowly heated to boiling and cook, covered 5 minutes. Let stand for 10 minutes and strain. Drink 1 / 2 - 2 / 3 cup 2 - 3 times a day for 1 hour. before a meal as a diuretic and stomachic ?.


Decoction of the roots or flowers (another recipe)

1 tablespoon of dandelion roots or flowers pour 2 cups of lukewarm water, simmer for 20 minutes. and drain. Drink twice daily after 1 cup of liquid.



1 heaped teaspoon of the roots of the night with a glass pour cold water. The next day, boil and strain. This number divided into two equal parts and drink in small sips for half an hour. before breakfast and after breakfast.


In liver diseases

Every day should eat thoroughly chewed 5 - 10 washed floral stems.


The juice of fresh leaves on alcohol

Jewels in the spring the young leaves or whole plants nun with roots washed in water, then grind in a blender or rozdrobić and squeeze through the fabric. For 5 cups of juice add one cup of alcohol for preservation. Pour into bottles and refrigerate. Starting to drink the juice of one teaspoon per day mixed with the drink or fruit compote for 10 days. Then gradually increase the dosage to 4 tablespoons a day and finally to drink three times a day after a spoon. It works in general strengthening, uodporniająco to infection, detoxicating, as subsidiary means for convalescents and the elderly.


Infusion of the leaves

2 - 4 leaves of dandelion mix in 1 / 2 - 2 / 3 cup water, yogurt, fruit juice. Drink in the morning and afternoon as a general strengthening resilience and removes toxins from the body. Use the spring for 3 - 4 weeks.


Flower Syrup

Collect the newly developed baskets, wyskubać of them flower petals, put them in a jar of sugar coats przesypując them. Then, they began to knead to release the juice. Pour on top of a tablespoon of alcohol, sprinkle sugar and set aside for a week. The whole can be stored in the refrigerator for no longer than 3 - 4 months old. Initially take 1 teaspoon of the juice along with the petals, gradually increasing the dose to 3 - 4 teaspoons per day. Beneficial effect on chronic rhinitis throat, mouth, bronchi, with persistent cough, chest pain when coughing.



1 tablespoon of dandelion roots or flowers pour 2 cups of lukewarm water, simmer for 20 minutes. and drain. Drink twice daily after 1 cup of liquid.


Wine with the roots

Grind from 1930 to 1940 g of dried dandelion root and pour a bottle (700 ml) white wine. Allow two weeks, shaking often. Strain and drink a spoon after 2 - 3 times a day for 1 hour. before a meal as a stimulant and appetite for easy digestion.

Dandelion - Taraxacum officinale Wiggers

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